As previously indicated in the introduction to this chapter, less than 5% of the environmental impact of the tyre life cycle results from the processing phase, where the principal component is the use of energy and production of related fuels. Nevertheless, this is precisely the phase when impacts occur due to activities directly operated by Pirelli (i.e. Scopes 1 and 2). Moreover, the economic materiality of this phase has led the Company to commit itself to specific targets in all impact categories. These targets were presented to the External Community in the Group Industrial Plan 2013-2017. The targets have a long-term time horizon (2020), are described in detail in the following paragraphs, and concern the Group’s specific energy consumption, specific water uptake, CO2 emissions and waste recovery.